16-20 May 2022
America/Toronto timezone

Deconfined multi-criticality in quantum spin models and experiments

17 May 2022, 15:15


Anders Sandvik (Boston University)


In the original field theoretical scenario of deconfined quantum criticality, the deconfined quantum-critical point (DQCP) separating antiferromagnetic (AFM) and singlet-solid phases of quantum magnets is generic, i.e., does not require fine-tuning. Recent numerical studies instead point to a fine-tuned multi-critical DQCP [1] that is also the end-point of a gapless spin liquid phase [2]. An example is the Shastry-Sutherland (SS) model, where a narrow spin liquid phase was recently detected [2,3], instead of the previously argued direct transition between plaquette singlet solid (PSS) and AFM phases. The multi-critical DQCP, followed by a direct transition without intervening spin liquid, can be reached when other interactions are included. Very recent NMR experiments on the SS compound SrCu2(BO3)2 under high pressures and high magnetic fields are consistent with this scenario [4]. Low-temperature (below 0.1 K) direct PSS to XY-AFM transitions were observed that become less strongly first-order at higher pressures. At the highest pressure, quantum-critical scaling of the spin-lattice relaxation was observed, indicating close proximity to a DQCP. This point may be the end-point of a not yet confirmed quantum spin liquid phase existing at slightly higher pressures.

[1] B. Zhao, J. Takahashi, and A. W. Sandvik, PRL 125, 257204 (2020).
[2] J. Yang, A. W. Sandvik, and L. Wang, PRB 105, L060409 (2022).
[3] L. Wang, Y. Zhang, and A. W. Sandvik, arXiv:2205.02476
[4] Y. Cui et al., arXiv:2204.08133.

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