Sep 1 – 2, 2022
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
America/Toronto timezone

Newton's cradle spectra

Sep 1, 2022, 10:00 AM
Time Room (Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics)

Time Room

Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics


Barbara Soda (Perimeter Institute)


We present broadly applicable nonperturbative results on the behavior of eigenvalues and eigenvectors under the addition of self adjoint operators and under the multiplication of unitary operators, infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. To this end, we decompose these operations into elementary 1 parameter processes in which the eigenvalues move similarly to the spheres in Newton’s cradle. As special cases, we recover level repulsion and Cauchy interlacing. We discuss two examples of applications. Applied to adiabatic quantum computing, we obtain new tools to relate algorithmic complexity to computational slowdown through gap narrowing. Applied to information theory, we obtain a generalization of Shannon sampling theory, the theory that establishes the equivalence of continuous and discrete representations of information. The new generalization of Shannon sampling applies to signals of varying information density and finite length.

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