"Quantum computing requires the ability to manipulate large nonclassical quantum systems. As we are far from any useful quantum computing advantage, certifying this ability is an important benchmark to assess progress toward this goal. This can be done using the nonlocal nature of quantum correlations, which allows to certify a non-trusted experimental apparatus from its input/output behaviour in a device independent way. It first requires to introduce the concept of Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality (GMNL) of size n, which designate systems which nonlocality cannot be understood an obtained from many states composed of n − 1 (or less) constituents.
The first historical definition of GMNL, proposed by Svetlichny, is ill-defined when used to assess the large nonclassical nature of quantum systems, as it predicts that maximal GMNL states can be obtain from bipartite sources only. A more appropriate re-definition of that concept, called LOSR-GMNL, was proposed recently [arXiv:2105.09381]. However, it is not satisfactory in all experimental situations, as it cannot (by design) capture potential communications between the systems which could occur in some realistic experimental systems (e.g., many-body systems) – which Svetlichny definition captures in a naïve way.
In this talk, I will propose a new alternative re-definition solving this issue, called Communication-Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality of length t (C-GMNL). It is based on a model inspired from synchronous distributed computing, that involves t communications steps along a graph.
I will show that (i) the GHZ state is maximally nonlocal according to this C-GMNL definition, (ii) the cluster state is trivial in this C-GMNL definition but that (iii) the cluster state is maximally difficult in the LOSR-GMNL definition. Hence, some complicated LOSR-GMNL states become trivial when a small amount of communication is allowed.
Based on a joint work in preparation with Xavier Coiteux-Roy, Owidiusz Makuta, Fionnuala Curran, Remigiusz Augusiak."