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Jun 12 – 16, 2023
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
America/Toronto timezone

[VIRTUAL] A deep variational free energy approach to dense hydrogen

Jun 14, 2023, 10:00 AM
PI/1-100 - Theatre (Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics)

PI/1-100 - Theatre

Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics



Lei Wang (Chinese Academy of Sciences)


Dense hydrogen, the most abundant matter in the visible universe, exhibits a range of fascinating physical phenomena such as metallization and high-temperature superconductivity, with significant implications for planetary physics and nuclear fusion research. Accurate prediction of the equations of state and phase diagram of dense hydrogen has long been a challenge for computational methods. In this talk, we present a deep generative model-based variational free energy approach to tackle the problem of dense hydrogen, overcoming the limitations of traditional computational methods. Our approach employs a normalizing flow network to model the proton Boltzmann distribution and a fermionic neural network to model the electron wavefunction at given proton positions. The joint optimization of these two neural networks leads to a comparable variational free energy to previous coupled electron-ion Monte Carlo calculations. Our results suggest that hydrogen in planetary conditions is even denser than previously estimated using Monte Carlo and ab initio molecular dynamics methods. Having reliable computation of the equation of state for dense hydrogen, and in particular, direct access to its entropy and free energy, opens new opportunities in planetary modeling and high-pressure physics research.

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