### Speaker

### Description

"Making progress in quantum gravity requires resolving possible tensions between quantum mechanics and relativity. One such tension is revealed by Bell's Theorem, but this relies on relativistic Local Causality, not merely the time-reversal symmetric aspects of relativity. Specifically, it depends on an arrow-of-time condition, taken for granted by Bell, which we call No Future-Input Dependence. One may replace this condition by the weaker Signal Causality arrow-of-time requirement -- only the latter is necessary, both for empirical viability and in order to avoid paradoxical causal loops. There is then no longer any ground to require Local Causality, and Bell's tension disappears. The locality condition which is pertinent in this context instead is called Continuous Action, in analogy with Einstein's ""no action at a distance,"" and the corresponding ""local beables"" are ""spacetime-local"" rather than ""local in space and causal in time."" That such locally mediated mathematical descriptions of quantum entanglement are possible not only in principle but also in practice is demonstrated by a simple toy-model -- a ""local"" description of Bell correlations. Describing general physical phenomena in this manner, including both quantum systems and gravitation, is a grand challenge for the future.

[K.B. Wharton and N. Argaman, ""Colloquium: Bell's Theorem and Locally-Mediated Reformulations of Quantum Mechanics,"" Rev. Mod. Phys. 92, 21002 (2020).]"