Jul 15 – 19, 2024
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
America/Toronto timezone
Reminder: Monday and Tuesday's sessions take place at Federation Hall (University of Waterloo), with the remainder of the week at Perimeter Institute.

Gravitational wave generation in effective field theories of dark energy

Jul 17, 2024, 9:00 AM
PI/1-100 - Theatre (Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics)

PI/1-100 - Theatre

Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics



Enrico Barausse (International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA))


I will present the class of effective field theories of dark energy, which aim to reproduce a dark energy-like phenomenology by modifying general relativity with the addition of a scalar graviton. I will review how non-linearities can "screen" local scales from scalar effects, therefore allowing these theories to pass existing solar-system experimental tests. I will then present fully relativistic simulations of gravitational wave generation in these theories in 1+1 dimensions (stellar oscillations and collapse) and 3+1 dimensions (binary neutron stars). I will show that screening tends to suppress the (subdominant) dipole scalar emission in binary neutron star systems, but it fails to quench monopole scalar emission in gravitational collapse, and quadrupole scalar emission in binaries. This opens the way to the exciting possibility of testing dark energy with gravitational wave data.

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